Eight Common Cannabinoids and their effects

Posted September 23, 2014 by admin in medical marijuana benefits

Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds that act on specific cannabinoid receptors in the brain. There are endocannabinoids (produced naturally in the body); the phytocannabinoids (found in cannabis and some other plants), and synthetic cannabinoids (manufactured chemically). The most notable cannabinoid is ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive compound of cannabis. Another major phytocannabinoid is Cannabidiol (CBD) comprising up to 40% in extracts of the plant resin. There are at least 85 different cannabinoids isolated from cannabis, exhibiting varied effects.

THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) The most abundant and widely known cannabinoid in cannabis, THC is the cannabinoid responsible for the main psychoactive effects patients are familiar with. The compound is a mild analgesic and cellular research has shown the compound has antioxidant activity. THC is believed to interact with parts of the brain normally controlled by the endogenous cannabinoid neurotransmitter anandamide.

THCv

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is found in largest quantities in Cannabis varieties indigenous to central Africa, like certain phenotypes from Malawi. It is currently being researched as a treatment for metabolic disorders including diabetes, as well as serving as a potential appetite suppressant.

THCa

Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA) THCA is the main constituent in raw cannabis. THCA converts to D9-THC when burned, vaporized, or heated for a period of time at a certain temperature. THCA holds much of the anti-inflammatory properties, as well as anti-proliferative (inhibiting the cell-growth in tumors/ cancer cells,) as well as anti-spasmodic (suppresses muscle-spasms.)

CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) With respect to the medical potential of the cannabis, CBD may hold the most promise for many serious conditions. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is believed to reduce the psychoactive effects of THC. Smokers of cannabis with a higher CBD/THC ratio are less likely to experience anxiety. CBD may also inhibit cancer cell growth.

CBDa

Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) CBDA, similar to THCA, is the main constituent in cannabis that has elevated CBD levels. THCA and CBDA hold most of the anti-inflammatory properties that cannabis has to offer.


CBN

Cannabinol (CBN) A mildly-psychoactive cannabinoid that comes about from the degradation of THC, there is usually very little CBN in a fresh plant. CBN potentiates the effects of THC and synergistically adds what has come to be known as the "couch-lock" effect. CBN may also cause drowsiness.


CBG

Cannabigerol (CBG) A non psychoactive cannabinoid, CBG has antibacterial effects, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. CBG can alter the overall effects of Cannabis.


CBC

Cannabichromene (CBC) Research suggests that CBC includes: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, bone stimulant, and anti-cancer properties.